for all types of Te had become karate. To further distinguish the two major branches that had developed, the names Shorei-Ryu and Shorin-Ryu had emerged, and the names of the towns where different types of Te had originated were still being used, namely; Shuri, Naha, and Tomari.
All of these names continue to be used today. However, the art of Te has become much more open and widespread in the last 100 years and has consequently developed into many more different types, or styles, many with new names, the vast majority of which can be traced directly back to one of those mentioned earlier; Shuri-Te, Naha-Te, or Tomari-Te.
In later years, "Tode" Sakugawa (1733-1815) studied under Kusanku. Sakugawa was born in Shuri Toribori on March 3, 1733 and died on August 17, 1815 at the age of 82. Born out of a request from his dying father was the suggestion for his son to learn the fighting arts. At the age of 17, Sakugawa set out to find the best possible teacher. In the city of Amada, Sakugawa found Pechin Takahara (1683-1760), who was 67 at the time and widely acclaimed as a famous warrior of the Okinawan fighting arts that had come to be called Tode. Sakugawa respectfully asked to become a student of Takahara's. After having the life-long duties of the study of the arts greatly impressed upon him by Takahara, it was agreed he would be taken on as a student.
This, of course, elated Sakugawa. Four years before his death in 1760, Pechin Takahara gave his blessing to Sakugawa to study with the visiting Master Kung Syanag (Kusanku) from China. Sakugawa's ability increased day by day and others looked upon him in awe. Just two days before Takahara's death, he summoned Sakugawa to his bedside. He told him, "After I die, you are to be known as Karate Sakugawa. In all your endeavors, always remember to help your country".
Sakugawa had befriended a political leader on Okinawa by the name of Matsumura. At the time of his death in 1799, he asked Sakugawa to raise his 3 year old son, Sokon Matsumura, who became the most important karate master of the mid-Meiji era (1867-1912). Sakugawa, training the child, affectionately dubbed him the Bushi, a term meaning Warrior. Matsumura is credited with creating all of the kata of the system that came to be known as shuri-te.
A famous student of Sokon Matsumura is Yasutsune "Ankoh" Itosu. Itosu began training under Sokon Matsumura in 1846 when he was sixteen years old and continued his training with Matsumura until the 1880's. Although he was short and stocky, Itosu developed into a man who possessed great strength. His physical strength was such that he could crush a bamboo stalk in his bare hand. Itosu's proficiency in the naihanchin kata developed to such a high degree that he could root himself so firmly in the horse stance that is was impossible to move him. This ability earned him the nickname "Ankoh" or "Iron Horse". His senior student, Kentsu Yabu, taught only a few years before retiring and leaving the style to Itosu's second-